I realised that it can be good to measure the experience of and attitudes towards digital technology, and then I remembered that we used some instruments like that in the project I was involved in at Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH). After doing a bit of searching, I found some instruments about experience and one about attitudes from the following articles listed below. In the end, considering the importance of not making a too long survey, I decided not to include any questions on attitudes to technology but only to include the following questions in the survey.
- Har du tillgång till internet i hemmet? (Ja; Nej)
- Hur ofta under de senaste tre månaderna har du använt en smartphone eller surfplatta? (Dagligen; Flera gånger i veckan: Någon gång i veckan; Någon gång i månaden; Någon enstaka gång; Aldrig; Vet ej)
- Hur kunnig anser du dig vara när det gäller användning av en smartphone eller surfplatta? (Inte alls kunnig, inte särskilt kunnig, ganska kunnig eller mycket kunnig)
I think these questions are most relevant as predictors for how the older people are able to handle the app. I think that habit and capacity also per definition says something about attitudes. That the proof is in the pudding, as the English say.
Anderberg, P. et al. (2019). The effects of the digital platform support monitoring and reminder technology for mild dementia (smart4md) for people with mild cognitive impairment and their informal carers: protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. JMIR research protocols, 8(6), 13711. (Here is a direct link to the questions included in the instrument)
Andersson, J., Bäck, J., & Ernbrandt, T. (2020). Svenskarna och internet 2020. Internetstiftelsen.
Bergström, A. (2017). Digital equality and the uptake of digital applications among seniors of different age. Nordicom Review, 38 (Special Issue 1), 79–91.
Bergström, A. (2015). The contexts of internet use - from innovators to late majority. Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies, 12(1), 3–18.
- Anderberg, P., Eivazzadeh, S., & Berglund, J. S. (2019). A novel instrument for measuring older people’s attitudes toward technology (techph): development and validation. Journal of medical Internet research, 21(5), 13951.